material

ZnO

ID:

mp-1017539

DOI:

10.17188/1349869


Tags: Zinc oxide - wurtzite-type

Material Details

Final Magnetic Moment
0.000 μB

Calculated total magnetic moment for the unit cell within the magnetic ordering provided (see below). Typically accurate to the second digit.

Magnetic Ordering
NM
Formation Energy / Atom
-1.498 eV

Calculated formation energy from the elements normalized to per atom in the unit cell.

Energy Above Hull / Atom
0.300 eV

The energy of decomposition of this material into the set of most stable materials at this chemical composition, in eV/atom. Stability is tested against all potential chemical combinations that result in the material's composition. For example, a Co2O3 structure would be tested for decomposition against other Co2O3 structures, against Co and O2 mixtures, and against CoO and O2 mixtures.

Density
5.51 g/cm3

The calculated bulk crystalline density, typically underestimated due calculated cell volumes overestimated on average by 3% (+/- 6%)

Decomposes To
ZnO
Band Gap
0.452 eV

In general, band gaps computed with common exchange-correlation functionals such as the LDA and GGA are severely underestimated. Typically the disagreement is reported to be ~50% in the literature. Some internal testing by the Materials Project supports these statements; typically, we find that band gaps are underestimated by ~40%. We additionally find that several known insulators are predicted to be metallic.

Space Group

Hermann Mauguin
P63mc [186]
Hall
P 6c 2c
Point Group
6mm
Crystal System
hexagonal

Electronic Structure

Band Structure and Density of States

Warning! Semi-local DFT tends to severely underestimate bandgaps. Please see the wiki for more info.

X-Ray Diffraction

    Select radiation source:
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  • Mo
  • Fe

Calculated powder diffraction pattern; note that peak spacings may be affected due to inaccuracies in calculated cell volume, which is typically overestimated on average by 3% (+/- 6%)

Substrates

Reference for minimal coincident interface area (MCIA) and elastic energy:
substrate orientation:
No elastic tensor calculated for this material, so elastic energies not avaialable. Sorting by MCIA instead.
substrate material substrate orientation film orientation MCIA [Å2]
C (mp-48) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 35.6
C (mp-48) <1 0 0> <1 0 0> 159.1
C (mp-48) <1 0 1> <1 0 0> 159.1
C (mp-48) <1 1 0> <1 0 1> 237.5
C (mp-48) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 204.6
LaAlO3 (mp-2920) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 26.7
LaAlO3 (mp-2920) <1 0 0> <1 0 0> 70.7
LaAlO3 (mp-2920) <1 0 1> <0 0 1> 80.1
LaAlO3 (mp-2920) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 133.5
AlN (mp-661) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 8.9
AlN (mp-661) <1 0 0> <1 0 1> 79.2
AlN (mp-661) <1 0 1> <1 0 1> 138.6
AlN (mp-661) <1 1 0> <1 0 0> 141.5
AlN (mp-661) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 204.6
CeO2 (mp-20194) <1 0 0> <1 1 0> 30.6
CeO2 (mp-20194) <1 1 0> <1 1 1> 127.6
CeO2 (mp-20194) <1 1 1> <1 1 0> 153.1
GaAs (mp-2534) <1 0 0> <1 0 0> 265.2
GaAs (mp-2534) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 169.0
BaF2 (mp-1029) <1 0 0> <1 1 0> 153.1
BaF2 (mp-1029) <1 1 0> <1 0 1> 217.7
BaF2 (mp-1029) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 275.8
SiO2 (mp-6930) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 62.3
SiO2 (mp-6930) <1 0 0> <1 0 0> 141.5
SiO2 (mp-6930) <1 0 1> <1 0 1> 217.7
SiO2 (mp-6930) <1 1 0> <1 0 0> 141.5
SiO2 (mp-6930) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 311.4
KCl (mp-23193) <1 0 0> <1 0 0> 282.9
KCl (mp-23193) <1 1 0> <1 0 0> 176.8
KCl (mp-23193) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 222.4
DyScO3 (mp-31120) <0 0 1> <1 0 0> 123.8
DyScO3 (mp-31120) <0 1 0> <1 0 0> 88.4
DyScO3 (mp-31120) <0 1 1> <1 0 0> 53.0
DyScO3 (mp-31120) <1 0 0> <1 1 0> 306.3
DyScO3 (mp-31120) <1 0 1> <1 1 1> 223.3
DyScO3 (mp-31120) <1 1 0> <1 1 0> 61.3
DyScO3 (mp-31120) <1 1 1> <1 1 0> 214.4
InAs (mp-20305) <1 0 0> <1 1 0> 153.1
InAs (mp-20305) <1 1 0> <1 0 1> 217.7
InAs (mp-20305) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 275.8
ZnSe (mp-1190) <1 0 0> <1 0 0> 265.2
ZnSe (mp-1190) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 169.0
KTaO3 (mp-3614) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 80.1
KTaO3 (mp-3614) <1 1 0> <1 1 0> 91.9
KTaO3 (mp-3614) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 26.7
InP (mp-20351) <1 0 0> <1 1 0> 275.6
InP (mp-20351) <1 1 0> <1 0 0> 247.6
InP (mp-20351) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 62.3
Te2W (mp-22693) <0 0 1> <1 0 1> 158.4
Te2W (mp-22693) <0 1 1> <1 0 0> 229.9
Up to 50 entries displayed.
minimal coincident interface area.

Elasticity

Reference for tensor and properties:
Stiffness Tensor Cij (GPa)
236 158 0 0 0 0
158 236 0 0 0 0
0 0 4 0 0 0
0 0 0 -2 0 0
0 0 0 0 -2 0
0 0 0 0 0 39
Compliance Tensor Sij (10-12Pa-1)
7.7 -5.1 0 0 0 0
-5.1 7.7 0 0 0 0
0 0 285.3 0 0 0
0 0 0 -619.7 0 0
0 0 0 0 -619.7 0
0 0 0 0 0 25.5
Shear Modulus GV
28 GPa
Bulk Modulus KV
88 GPa
Shear Modulus GR
-6 GPa
Bulk Modulus KR
3 GPa
Shear Modulus GVRH
11 GPa
Bulk Modulus KVRH
46 GPa
Elastic Anisotropy
-3.33
Poisson's Ratio
0.39

Similar Structures beta feature

Explanation of dissimilarity measure: Documentation.
material dissimilarity Ehull # of elements
Up to 5 similar elemental, binary, ternary, quaternary, etc. structures displayed (dissimilarity threshold 0.75). Ehull: energy above hull per atom [eV].

Synthesis Descriptions

Pure and co-doped (Al, Er) ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by hydrothermal method. The starting solution consists of a mixture of 4mol of zinc nitrate Zn(NO3)2 dissolved in 20ml of ethylene [...]
The preparation of hierarchical ZnO nanotetrapod was completed in a conventional two-zone heating tube furnace: the front zone acts as heating region and the back zone is used as depositing region. In [...]
chef hat mixing beaker

Explore more synthesis descriptions for materials of composition ZnO.

Text computed by synthesisproject.org.

Calculation Summary

Elasticity

Methodology

Structure Optimization

Run Type
GGA
Energy Cutoff
520 eV
# of K-points
None
U Values
--
Pseudopotentials
VASP PAW: Zn O
Final Energy/Atom
-4.2510 eV
Corrected Energy
-18.3781 eV
Uncorrected energy = -17.0041 eV Composition-based energy adjustment (-0.687 eV/atom x 2.0 atoms) = -1.3740 eV Corrected energy = -18.3781 eV

Detailed input parameters and outputs for all calculations


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ICSD IDs
  • 181039
Submitted by
User remarks:
  • Zinc oxide - wurtzite-type

Displaying lattice parameters for primitive cell; note that calculated cell volumes are typically overestimated on average by 3% (+/- 6%). Note the primitive cell may appear less symmetric than the conventional cell representation (see "Structure Type" selector below the 3d structure)