material

Nb2O5

ID:

mp-10426

DOI:

10.17188/1187112


Tags: High pressure experimental phase

Material Details

Final Magnetic Moment
-0.000 μB

Calculated total magnetic moment for the unit cell within the magnetic ordering provided (see below). Typically accurate to the second digit.

Magnetic Ordering
Non-magnetic
Formation Energy / Atom
-2.708 eV

Calculated formation energy from the elements normalized to per atom in the unit cell.

Energy Above Hull / Atom
0.345 eV

The energy of decomposition of this material into the set of most stable materials at this chemical composition, in eV/atom. Stability is tested against all potential chemical combinations that result in the material's composition. For example, a Co2O3 structure would be tested for decomposition against other Co2O3 structures, against Co and O2 mixtures, and against CoO and O2 mixtures.

Density
5.30 g/cm3

The calculated bulk crystalline density, typically underestimated due calculated cell volumes overestimated on average by 3% (+/- 6%)

Decomposes To
Nb2O5
Band Gap
1.852 eV

In general, band gaps computed with common exchange-correlation functionals such as the LDA and GGA are severely underestimated. Typically the disagreement is reported to be ~50% in the literature. Some internal testing by the Materials Project supports these statements; typically, we find that band gaps are underestimated by ~40%. We additionally find that several known insulators are predicted to be metallic.

Space Group

Hermann Mauguin
C2 [5]
Hall
C 2y
Point Group
2
Crystal System
monoclinic

Band Structure

Density of States
Warning! Semi-local DFT tends to severely underestimate bandgaps. Please see the wiki for more info.

sign indicates spin ↑ ↓

X-Ray Diffraction

    Select radiation source:
  • Cu
  • Ag
  • Mo
  • Fe

Calculated powder diffraction pattern; note that peak spacings may be affected due to inaccuracies in calculated cell volume, which is typically overestimated on average by 3% (+/- 6%)

X-Ray Absorption Spectra

FEFF XANES

Select an element to display a spectrum averaged over all sites of that element in the structure.

Apply Gaussian smoothing:

0 eV
3 eV
FWHM: 0 eV

Download spectra for every symmetrically equivalent absorption site in the structure.

Download FEFF Input parameters.

Warning: These results are intended to be semi-quantitative in that corrections, such as edge shifts and Debye-Waller damping, have not been included.

Substrates

Reference for minimal coincident interface area (MCIA) and elastic energy:
substrate orientation:
No elastic tensor calculated for this material, so elastic energies not avaialable. Sorting by MCIA instead.
substrate material substrate orientation film orientation MCIA [Å2]
CeO2 (mp-20194) <1 1 1> <0 1 1> 318.6
Te2W (mp-22693) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 97.7
Te2W (mp-22693) <1 0 1> <0 0 1> 97.7
YVO4 (mp-19133) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 260.7
GdScO3 (mp-5690) <1 1 0> <0 1 1> 318.6
KP(HO2)2 (mp-23959) <0 0 1> <1 0 1> 218.0
GaP (mp-2490) <1 1 1> <0 1 1> 318.6
TbScO3 (mp-31119) <1 1 0> <0 1 1> 318.6
SiC (mp-11714) <1 0 1> <0 1 1> 318.6
Si (mp-149) <1 1 1> <0 1 1> 318.6
CsI (mp-614603) <1 0 0> <0 1 1> 318.6
MgF2 (mp-1249) <1 0 1> <0 0 1> 293.2
DyScO3 (mp-31120) <1 1 0> <0 1 1> 318.6
SrTiO3 (mp-4651) <0 0 1> <0 1 1> 318.6
SrTiO3 (mp-4651) <1 0 1> <0 1 1> 318.6
SrTiO3 (mp-4651) <1 1 0> <0 1 1> 318.6
CaF2 (mp-2741) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 260.7
CaF2 (mp-2741) <1 1 1> <0 1 1> 318.6
Al2O3 (mp-1143) <0 0 1> <0 1 1> 318.6
MoSe2 (mp-1634) <1 0 1> <1 1 0> 265.3
NdGaO3 (mp-3196) <1 1 1> <1 0 1> 272.5
YVO4 (mp-19133) <1 0 0> <1 0 1> 272.5
DyScO3 (mp-31120) <0 0 1> <1 1 0> 221.1
WS2 (mp-224) <1 0 0> <1 0 1> 272.5
BN (mp-984) <1 1 0> <1 0 1> 163.5
BaTiO3 (mp-5986) <1 1 0> <1 1 1> 189.3
TbScO3 (mp-31119) <0 0 1> <1 1 0> 221.1
LiAlO2 (mp-3427) <1 1 1> <1 1 0> 221.1
AlN (mp-661) <0 0 1> <1 1 0> 221.1
TeO2 (mp-2125) <0 0 1> <1 1 -1> 226.6
Ga2O3 (mp-886) <1 1 0> <1 1 0> 221.1
InSb (mp-20012) <1 1 0> <1 1 0> 309.5
WS2 (mp-224) <1 1 0> <1 1 0> 309.5
CdTe (mp-406) <1 1 0> <1 1 0> 309.5
SrTiO3 (mp-4651) <1 1 1> <1 0 1> 272.5
BN (mp-984) <1 0 0> <1 1 1> 252.4
AlN (mp-661) <1 0 0> <1 1 0> 221.1
LiGaO2 (mp-5854) <0 0 1> <1 1 0> 221.1
MgF2 (mp-1249) <1 0 0> <1 1 1> 189.3
GaN (mp-804) <1 0 1> <0 1 0> 95.3
CdWO4 (mp-19387) <1 1 0> <0 1 0> 285.9
ZrO2 (mp-2858) <1 0 1> <1 0 -1> 129.3
LiAlO2 (mp-3427) <1 0 1> <1 0 -1> 129.3
ZrO2 (mp-2858) <1 0 -1> <1 0 1> 109.0
KCl (mp-23193) <1 1 0> <1 0 -1> 290.8
InP (mp-20351) <1 0 0> <1 1 0> 176.9
YVO4 (mp-19133) <1 0 1> <1 0 0> 276.8
Mg (mp-153) <1 0 1> <0 1 0> 95.3
InAs (mp-20305) <1 1 0> <1 0 -1> 161.6
YAlO3 (mp-3792) <0 1 1> <1 0 -1> 96.9
Up to 50 entries displayed.
minimal coincident interface area.

Elasticity

Reference for tensor and properties:
Stiffness Tensor Cij (GPa)
185 26 97 0 75 0
26 150 82 0 73 0
97 82 192 0 84 0
0 0 0 122 0 233
75 73 84 0 72 0
0 0 0 233 0 -25
Compliance Tensor Sij (10-12Pa-1)
13.6 9.1 -1.1 0 -22.2 0
9.1 19.3 -0.2 0 -28.9 0
-1.1 -0.2 10.8 0 -11.4 0
0 0 0 0.4 0 4.1
-22.2 -28.9 -11.4 0 79.9 0
0 0 0 4.1 0 -2.1
Shear Modulus GV
55 GPa
Bulk Modulus KV
104 GPa
Shear Modulus GR
40 GPa
Bulk Modulus KR
17 GPa
Shear Modulus GVRH
47 GPa
Bulk Modulus KVRH
61 GPa
Elastic Anisotropy
7.15
Poisson's Ratio
0.19

Similar Structures beta feature

Explanation of dissimilarity measure: Documentation.
material dissimilarity Ehull # of elements
Ba(BrO)2 (mp-1079338) 0.7407 0.770 3
KBi (mp-31104) 0.6800 0.000 2
RbBi (mp-31105) 0.5521 0.000 2
BaAs2 (mp-31243) 0.5756 0.000 2
SnCl2 (mp-29179) 0.6380 0.001 2
Ta2O5 (mp-624688) 0.1045 0.404 2
Up to 5 similar elemental, binary, ternary, quaternary, etc. structures displayed (dissimilarity threshold 0.75). Ehull: energy above hull per atom [eV].

Synthesis Descriptions

The nominal composition of the glass used in this study based on G4: 20[3.3CaO7B2O35SiO2] and 80[SrOBaO2Nb2O5](wt%). Nucleating of Cr2O3, BaF2, ZrO2, CaF2 and CeO2 was added to the base glass comp [...]
A NiCuZn ferrite with composition of (Ni0.15Cu0.2Zn0.65O)1.02(Fe2O3)0.98 was prepared by the conventional solid state reaction method. The raw materials of NiO, CuO, ZnO and Fe2O3 with purities higher [...]
chef hat mixing beaker

Explore more synthesis descriptions for materials of composition Nb2O5.

Text computed by synthesisproject.org.

Calculation Summary

Elasticity

Methodology

Structure Optimization

Run Type
GGA
Energy Cutoff
520 eV
# of K-points
None
U Values
--
Pseudopotentials
VASP PAW: Nb_pv O
Final Energy/Atom
-8.6216 eV
Corrected Energy
-127.7259 eV
-127.7259 eV = -120.7030 eV (uncorrected energy) - 7.0229 eV (MP Anion Correction)

Detailed input parameters and outputs for all calculations


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ICSD IDs
  • 51176
Submitted by
User remarks:
  • Niobium oxide - Z
  • High pressure experimental phase

Displaying lattice parameters for primitive cell; note that calculated cell volumes are typically overestimated on average by 3% (+/- 6%). Note the primitive cell may appear less symmetric than the conventional cell representation (see "Structure Type" selector below the 3d structure)