Tags: Lead sulfide - Amm2, hypothetical (PbS - III)

Material Details

Final Magnetic Moment
0.001 μB

Calculated total magnetic moment for the unit cell within the magnetic ordering provided (see below). Typically accurate to the second digit.

Magnetic Ordering
Formation Energy / Atom
-0.621 eV

Calculated formation energy from the elements normalized to per atom in the unit cell.

Energy Above Hull / Atom
0.164 eV

The energy of decomposition of this material into the set of most stable materials at this chemical composition, in eV/atom. Stability is tested against all potential chemical combinations that result in the material's composition. For example, a Co2O3 structure would be tested for decomposition against other Co2O3 structures, against Co and O2 mixtures, and against CoO and O2 mixtures.

6.16 g/cm3

The calculated bulk crystalline density, typically underestimated due calculated cell volumes overestimated on average by 3% (+/- 6%)

Decomposes To
Band Gap
0.742 eV

In general, band gaps computed with common exchange-correlation functionals such as the LDA and GGA are severely underestimated. Typically the disagreement is reported to be ~50% in the literature. Some internal testing by the Materials Project supports these statements; typically, we find that band gaps are underestimated by ~40%. We additionally find that several known insulators are predicted to be metallic.

Space Group

Hermann Mauguin
Amm2 [38]
A 2 2
Point Group
Crystal System

Electronic Structure

Band Structure and Density of States

Warning! Semi-local DFT tends to severely underestimate bandgaps. Please see the wiki for more info.

X-Ray Diffraction

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Calculated powder diffraction pattern; note that peak spacings may be affected due to inaccuracies in calculated cell volume, which is typically overestimated on average by 3% (+/- 6%)


A full elastic tensor has not been calculated for this material. Registered users can view statistical-learning-based predictions of this material's bulk and shear moduli.

Once you have registered you can also "vote" for full calculation of this material's elastic properties.

Similar Structures beta feature

Explanation of dissimilarity measure: Documentation.
material dissimilarity Ehull # of elements
MgTiO2 (mvc-12165) 0.6185 0.329 3
MnZnO2 (mvc-15152) 0.6642 0.246 3
Li4FeO4 (mp-769843) 0.6654 0.081 3
Li3FeS3 (mp-768288) 0.6375 0.161 3
Li2BiS3 (mp-768229) 0.6515 0.073 3
Li6FeO5F (mp-765049) 0.5483 0.090 4
Li6MnO3F2 (mp-764334) 0.7222 0.104 4
Li5VO4F (mp-764217) 0.6865 0.048 4
Li5WNO4 (mp-772397) 0.6701 0.050 4
Li8FeCo3O8 (mp-764400) 0.7195 0.113 4
PbS (mp-1078696) 0.7306 0.083 2
Up to 5 similar elemental, binary, ternary, quaternary, etc. structures displayed (dissimilarity threshold 0.75). Ehull: energy above hull per atom [eV].

Synthesis Descriptions

Device fabrication: All device fabrication and measurements were performed inside an N2-filled glovebox. The transistors were fabricated by a layer-by-layer (LbL) sequential spin-coating technique wit [...]
Briefly, 10ml titanium butoxide (C16H36O4Ti) and 1ml acetic acid aqueous solution (V/V=1:1) were dissolved in 53ml and 27ml high purity ethanol, respectively. Then, the acetylacetone was added to [...]
chef hat mixing beaker

Explore more synthesis descriptions for materials of composition PbS.

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Calculation Summary

Structure Optimization

Run Type
Energy Cutoff
520 eV
# of K-points
U Values
Final Energy/Atom
-4.2938 eV
Corrected Energy
-36.3624 eV
Uncorrected energy = -34.3504 eV Composition-based energy adjustment (-0.503 eV/atom x 4.0 atoms) = -2.0120 eV Corrected energy = -36.3624 eV

Detailed input parameters and outputs for all calculations

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  • Lead sulfide - Amm2, hypothetical (PbS - III)

Displaying lattice parameters for primitive cell; note that calculated cell volumes are typically overestimated on average by 3% (+/- 6%). Note the primitive cell may appear less symmetric than the conventional cell representation (see "Structure Type" selector below the 3d structure)