material

PbO2

ID:

mp-20725

DOI:

10.17188/1195886


Tags: Lead(IV) oxide Lead dioxide Lead oxide (1/2) Plattnerite

Material Details

Final Magnetic Moment
0.001 μB

Calculated total magnetic moment for the unit cell within the magnetic ordering provided (see below). Typically accurate to the second digit.

Magnetic Ordering
NM
Formation Energy / Atom
-1.310 eV

Calculated formation energy from the elements normalized to per atom in the unit cell.

Energy Above Hull / Atom
0.000 eV

The energy of decomposition of this material into the set of most stable materials at this chemical composition, in eV/atom. Stability is tested against all potential chemical combinations that result in the material's composition. For example, a Co2O3 structure would be tested for decomposition against other Co2O3 structures, against Co and O2 mixtures, and against CoO and O2 mixtures.

Density
8.92 g/cm3

The calculated bulk crystalline density, typically underestimated due calculated cell volumes overestimated on average by 3% (+/- 6%)

Decomposes To
Stable
Band Gap
0.013 eV

In general, band gaps computed with common exchange-correlation functionals such as the LDA and GGA are severely underestimated. Typically the disagreement is reported to be ~50% in the literature. Some internal testing by the Materials Project supports these statements; typically, we find that band gaps are underestimated by ~40%. We additionally find that several known insulators are predicted to be metallic.

Space Group

Hermann Mauguin
P42/mnm [136]
Hall
-P 4n 2n
Point Group
4/mmm
Crystal System
tetragonal

Electronic Structure

Topological data for ICSD ID 23292 from Topological Materials Database
Topological Classification
SM*
Subclassification
ES
Crossing Type
Line
* Semimetal
Enforced Semimetal with Line or Plane degeneracy

Band Structure and Density of States

Warning! Semi-local DFT tends to severely underestimate bandgaps. Please see the wiki for more info.

X-Ray Diffraction

    Select radiation source:
  • Cu
  • Ag
  • Mo
  • Fe

Calculated powder diffraction pattern; note that peak spacings may be affected due to inaccuracies in calculated cell volume, which is typically overestimated on average by 3% (+/- 6%)

X-Ray Absorption Spectra

FEFF XANES

Select an element to display a spectrum averaged over all sites of that element in the structure.

Apply Gaussian smoothing:

0 eV
3 eV
FWHM: 0 eV

Download spectra for every symmetrically equivalent absorption site in the structure.

Download FEFF Input parameters.

Warning: These results are intended to be semi-quantitative in that corrections, such as edge shifts and Debye-Waller damping, have not been included.

Substrates

Reference for minimal coincident interface area (MCIA) and elastic energy:
substrate orientation:
No elastic tensor calculated for this material, so elastic energies not avaialable. Sorting by MCIA instead.
substrate material substrate orientation film orientation MCIA [Å2]
KP(HO2)2 (mp-23959) <0 0 1> <1 1 0> 74.4
YAlO3 (mp-3792) <1 0 0> <1 1 1> 321.7
CaCO3 (mp-3953) <1 0 1> <0 0 1> 180.2
GdScO3 (mp-5690) <1 1 0> <0 0 1> 128.7
Te2Mo (mp-602) <1 1 1> <1 1 1> 286.0
BaTiO3 (mp-5986) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 128.7
CaCO3 (mp-3953) <1 0 0> <1 0 0> 87.6
Ga2O3 (mp-886) <1 0 0> <1 0 1> 218.1
Te2W (mp-22693) <1 1 1> <1 0 0> 227.9
NaCl (mp-22862) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 128.7
Al2O3 (mp-1143) <1 0 1> <1 1 0> 198.3
WS2 (mp-224) <1 0 1> <0 0 1> 231.7
Fe2O3 (mp-24972) <1 0 1> <1 0 0> 298.0
KCl (mp-23193) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 206.0
C (mp-66) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 25.7
SiC (mp-7631) <1 0 0> <1 0 1> 93.5
GaN (mp-804) <1 0 0> <1 0 1> 186.9
KTaO3 (mp-3614) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 128.7
BN (mp-984) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 77.2
SiO2 (mp-6930) <0 0 1> <1 0 0> 87.6
BN (mp-984) <0 0 1> <1 0 0> 87.6
NaCl (mp-22862) <1 1 1> <1 0 0> 280.5
CdSe (mp-2691) <1 1 0> <1 0 1> 218.1
TiO2 (mp-390) <1 0 1> <1 0 0> 157.8
GaSb (mp-1156) <1 1 0> <1 0 1> 218.1
Te2Mo (mp-602) <1 0 1> <1 1 0> 223.1
ZnTe (mp-2176) <1 1 0> <1 0 1> 218.1
LiAlO2 (mp-3427) <1 0 0> <1 0 0> 262.9
GdScO3 (mp-5690) <1 0 1> <1 0 0> 227.9
Te2Mo (mp-602) <1 1 0> <1 0 1> 93.5
TiO2 (mp-390) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 128.7
Te2W (mp-22693) <1 1 0> <1 1 0> 223.1
SrTiO3 (mp-4651) <1 0 0> <1 0 1> 311.5
InAs (mp-20305) <1 1 0> <1 0 1> 218.1
YAlO3 (mp-3792) <1 0 1> <1 0 0> 245.4
TbScO3 (mp-31119) <1 1 0> <0 0 1> 128.7
PbSe (mp-2201) <1 1 0> <1 0 1> 218.1
Al (mp-134) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 128.7
TbScO3 (mp-31119) <0 0 1> <1 1 0> 223.1
YVO4 (mp-19133) <1 0 1> <0 0 1> 206.0
YVO4 (mp-19133) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 51.5
Ga2O3 (mp-886) <1 0 1> <1 0 1> 93.5
ZrO2 (mp-2858) <0 1 1> <1 0 0> 157.8
Fe2O3 (mp-24972) <1 0 0> <1 0 0> 70.1
AlN (mp-661) <1 1 0> <1 1 1> 107.2
Fe2O3 (mp-24972) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 180.2
PbSe (mp-2201) <1 0 0> <1 0 1> 155.8
InAs (mp-20305) <1 1 1> <1 0 0> 262.9
CdWO4 (mp-19387) <0 1 0> <1 0 1> 186.9
Cu (mp-30) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 25.7
Up to 50 entries displayed.
minimal coincident interface area.

Elasticity

Reference for tensor and properties:
Stiffness Tensor Cij (GPa)
242 103 103 0 0 0
103 131 92 0 0 0
103 92 131 0 0 0
0 0 0 125 0 0
0 0 0 0 38 0
0 0 0 0 0 38
Compliance Tensor Sij (10-12Pa-1)
6.8 -3.1 -3.1 0 0 0
-3.1 16.7 -9.3 0 0 0
-3.1 -9.3 16.7 0 0 0
0 0 0 8 0 0
0 0 0 0 26.5 0
0 0 0 0 0 26.5
Shear Modulus GV
54 GPa
Bulk Modulus KV
122 GPa
Shear Modulus GR
37 GPa
Bulk Modulus KR
111 GPa
Shear Modulus GVRH
45 GPa
Bulk Modulus KVRH
116 GPa
Elastic Anisotropy
2.37
Poisson's Ratio
0.33

Similar Structures beta feature

Explanation of dissimilarity measure: Documentation.
material dissimilarity Ehull # of elements
SbRhO4 (mp-675025) 0.0959 0.031 3
Mo(RhO3)2 (mp-25070) 0.0878 0.048 3
CrSbO4 (mp-690095) 0.0984 0.000 3
CrSbO4 (mp-33857) 0.0822 0.000 3
Mg(BiO3)2 (mp-28447) 0.1105 0.000 3
Ta2CrNO5 (mp-782717) 0.2818 0.068 4
LiFe3(OF3)2 (mp-779990) 0.2653 0.005 4
LiV3(OF3)2 (mp-868491) 0.2251 0.000 4
LiCo3(OF3)2 (mp-850982) 0.2364 0.022 4
Ta2CrNO5 (mp-849504) 0.2869 0.065 4
YbF2 (mp-865934) 0.0439 0.000 2
VF2 (mp-555934) 0.0458 0.000 2
RhO2 (mp-725) 0.0448 0.000 2
Te2Ir (mp-10845) 0.0384 0.294 2
RuO2 (mp-825) 0.0703 0.000 2
Up to 5 similar elemental, binary, ternary, quaternary, etc. structures displayed (dissimilarity threshold 0.75). Ehull: energy above hull per atom [eV].

Synthesis Descriptions

In this work, industrial wastewaters with an average tetrahydrofuran (THF) concentration of 688 140 mg L1 were treated by electrooxidation. Four anodic materials were tested: RuO2, Pt, PbO2 and bor [...]
Direct Pb deposition was performed potentiostatically [at 0.5V (vs. SCE)] or galvanostatically (at 5mAcm2), both at 40C and at room temperature, from an aqueous solution of 0.1M Pb(NO3)2 with [...]
chef hat mixing beaker

Explore more synthesis descriptions for materials of composition PbO2.

Text computed by synthesisproject.org.

Calculation Summary

Elasticity

Methodology

Structure Optimization

Run Type
GGA
Energy Cutoff
520 eV
# of K-points
None
U Values
--
Pseudopotentials
VASP PAW: Pb_d O
Final Energy/Atom
-5.3778 eV
Corrected Energy
-35.0150 eV
Uncorrected energy = -32.2670 eV Composition-based energy adjustment (-0.687 eV/atom x 4.0 atoms) = -2.7480 eV Corrected energy = -35.0150 eV

Detailed input parameters and outputs for all calculations


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ICSD IDs
  • 56002
  • 647277
  • 43460
  • 34234
  • 23292
  • 647262
  • 647279
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User remarks:
  • Lead(IV) oxide - beta
  • Plattnerite

Displaying lattice parameters for primitive cell; note that calculated cell volumes are typically overestimated on average by 3% (+/- 6%). Note the primitive cell may appear less symmetric than the conventional cell representation (see "Structure Type" selector below the 3d structure)