material

ZnS

ID:

mp-557418

DOI:

10.17188/1269833


Tags: High pressure experimental phase Zinc sulfide

Material Details

Final Magnetic Moment
0.000 μB

Calculated total magnetic moment for the unit cell within the magnetic ordering provided (see below). Typically accurate to the second digit.

Magnetic Ordering
Non-magnetic
Formation Energy / Atom
-1.139 eV

Calculated formation energy from the elements normalized to per atom in the unit cell.

Energy Above Hull / Atom
0.001 eV

The energy of decomposition of this material into the set of most stable materials at this chemical composition, in eV/atom. Stability is tested against all potential chemical combinations that result in the material's composition. For example, a Co2O3 structure would be tested for decomposition against other Co2O3 structures, against Co and O2 mixtures, and against CoO and O2 mixtures.

Density
4.00 g/cm3

The calculated bulk crystalline density, typically underestimated due calculated cell volumes overestimated on average by 3% (+/- 6%)

Decomposes To
ZnS
Band Gap
2.031 eV

In general, band gaps computed with common exchange-correlation functionals such as the LDA and GGA are severely underestimated. Typically the disagreement is reported to be ~50% in the literature. Some internal testing by the Materials Project supports these statements; typically, we find that band gaps are underestimated by ~40%. We additionally find that several known insulators are predicted to be metallic.

Space Group

Hermann Mauguin
P3m1 [156]
Hall
P 3 2"
Point Group
3m
Crystal System
trigonal
We have not yet calculated a detailed bandstructure for this material

X-Ray Diffraction

    Select radiation source:
  • Cu
  • Ag
  • Mo
  • Fe

Calculated powder diffraction pattern; note that peak spacings may be affected due to inaccuracies in calculated cell volume, which is typically overestimated on average by 3% (+/- 6%)

X-Ray Absorption Spectra

FEFF XANES

Select an element to display a spectrum averaged over all sites of that element in the structure.

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0 eV
3 eV
FWHM: 0 eV

Download spectra for every symmetrically equivalent absorption site in the structure.

Download FEFF Input parameters.

Warning: These results are intended to be semi-quantitative in that corrections, such as edge shifts and Debye-Waller damping, have not been included.

Substrates

Reference for minimal coincident interface area (MCIA) and elastic energy:
substrate orientation:
No elastic tensor calculated for this material, so elastic energies not avaialable. Sorting by MCIA instead.
substrate material substrate orientation film orientation MCIA [Å2]
LaAlO3 (mp-2920) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 321.5
AlN (mp-661) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 115.7
AlN (mp-661) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 347.2
AlN (mp-661) <1 0 1> <0 0 1> 231.5
AlN (mp-661) <1 1 0> <0 0 1> 270.1
CeO2 (mp-20194) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 205.8
CeO2 (mp-20194) <1 1 0> <0 0 1> 205.8
CeO2 (mp-20194) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 51.4
GaAs (mp-2534) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 270.1
GaAs (mp-2534) <1 1 0> <0 0 1> 192.9
GaAs (mp-2534) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 167.2
BaF2 (mp-1029) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 205.8
GaN (mp-804) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 115.7
GaN (mp-804) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 270.1
GaN (mp-804) <1 0 1> <0 0 1> 257.2
GaN (mp-804) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 373.0
SiO2 (mp-6930) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 90.0
SiO2 (mp-6930) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 360.1
SiO2 (mp-6930) <1 1 0> <0 0 1> 231.5
KCl (mp-23193) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 205.8
DyScO3 (mp-31120) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 282.9
DyScO3 (mp-31120) <0 1 0> <0 0 1> 321.5
DyScO3 (mp-31120) <0 1 1> <0 0 1> 270.1
DyScO3 (mp-31120) <1 1 0> <0 0 1> 308.7
InAs (mp-20305) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 205.8
ZnSe (mp-1190) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 270.1
ZnSe (mp-1190) <1 1 0> <0 0 1> 192.9
ZnSe (mp-1190) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 167.2
KTaO3 (mp-3614) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 270.1
KTaO3 (mp-3614) <1 1 0> <0 0 1> 257.2
KTaO3 (mp-3614) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 115.7
BN (mp-984) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 38.6
BN (mp-984) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 257.2
BN (mp-984) <1 0 1> <0 0 1> 141.5
BN (mp-984) <1 1 0> <0 0 1> 102.9
BN (mp-984) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 167.2
LiNbO3 (mp-3731) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 90.0
CdS (mp-672) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 205.8
CdS (mp-672) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 257.2
CdS (mp-672) <1 1 0> <0 0 1> 334.4
Bi2Se3 (mp-541837) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 205.8
LiF (mp-1138) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 270.1
LiF (mp-1138) <1 1 0> <0 0 1> 192.9
LiF (mp-1138) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 90.0
MoS2 (mp-1434) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 115.7
Al (mp-134) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 270.1
Al (mp-134) <1 1 0> <0 0 1> 192.9
Al (mp-134) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 90.0
Te2W (mp-22693) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 347.2
Te2W (mp-22693) <0 1 1> <0 0 1> 167.2
Up to 50 entries displayed.
minimal coincident interface area.

Elasticity

A full elastic tensor has not been calculated for this material. Registered users can view statistical-learning-based predictions of this material's bulk and shear moduli.

Once you have registered you can also "vote" for full calculation of this material's elastic properties.

Similar Structures beta feature

Explanation of dissimilarity measure: Documentation.
material dissimilarity Ehull # of elements
Si3NiP4 (mp-8311) 0.1899 0.000 3
Cu2SiTe3 (mp-675120) 0.1910 0.000 3
Li3SbS4 (mp-760415) 0.1845 0.005 3
GaCuTe2 (mp-3839) 0.1921 0.000 3
CrCd3Te4 (mp-1079533) 0.1876 0.115 3
CoCu2SiS4 (mp-556830) 0.1799 0.074 4
ZnCu2GeS4 (mp-6408) 0.1684 0.000 4
CoCu2SiS4 (mp-11769) 0.1766 0.074 4
ZnCu2SiTe4 (mp-1078498) 0.1834 0.000 4
LiIn2CuSe4 (mp-1079491) 0.1847 0.005 4
ZnS (mp-557062) 0.0035 0.001 2
ZnS (mp-556161) 0.0036 0.001 2
ZnS (mp-556207) 0.0001 0.001 2
ZnS (mp-556392) 0.0055 0.001 2
ZnS (mp-557009) 0.0035 0.001 2
C (mp-611448) 0.0242 0.141 1
C (mp-616440) 0.0247 0.139 1
C (mp-569517) 0.0323 0.144 1
C (mp-569567) 0.0199 0.173 1
Ge (mp-1091415) 0.0673 0.022 1
Up to 5 similar elemental, binary, ternary, quaternary, etc. structures displayed (dissimilarity threshold 0.75). Ehull: energy above hull per atom [eV].

Synthesis Descriptions

ZnSO4 and thiourea (NH2CSNH2, 99.9%) were purchased from Aladdin, Shanghai. All chemicals were commercially available and used without further treatment. [...]
In this study, simple pneumatic spray pyrolysis set-up was used to obtain ZnS layers as described elsewhere [15]. The distance between the nozzle and the substrate was 29 cm. The nozzle diameter was 0 [...]
chef hat mixing beaker

Explore more synthesis descriptions for materials of composition ZnS.

Text computed by synthesisproject.org.

Calculation Summary

Structure Optimization

Run Type
GGA
Energy Cutoff
520 eV
# of K-points
None
U Values
--
Pseudopotentials
VASP PAW: Zn S
Final Energy/Atom
-3.5081 eV
Corrected Energy
-153.5937 eV
-153.5937 eV = -140.3245 eV (uncorrected energy) - 13.2692 eV (MP Anion Correction)

Detailed input parameters and outputs for all calculations


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ICSD IDs
  • 42780
Submitted by
User remarks:
  • High pressure experimental phase
  • Zinc sulfide

Displaying lattice parameters for primitive cell; note that calculated cell volumes are typically overestimated on average by 3% (+/- 6%). Note the primitive cell may appear less symmetric than the conventional cell representation (see "Structure Type" selector below the 3d structure)