material

VO2

ID:

mp-547074


Material Details

Final Magnetic Moment
1.000 μB

Calculated total magnetic moment for the unit cell within the magnetic ordering provided (see below). Typically accurate to the second digit.

Magnetic Ordering
FM
Formation Energy / Atom
-2.322 eV

Calculated formation energy from the elements normalized to per atom in the unit cell.

Energy Above Hull / Atom
0.163 eV

The energy of decomposition of this material into the set of most stable materials at this chemical composition, in eV/atom. Stability is tested against all potential chemical combinations that result in the material's composition. For example, a Co2O3 structure would be tested for decomposition against other Co2O3 structures, against Co and O2 mixtures, and against CoO and O2 mixtures.

Density
4.47 g/cm3

The calculated bulk crystalline density, typically underestimated due calculated cell volumes overestimated on average by 3% (+/- 6%)

Decomposes To
VO2
Band Gap
0.000 eV

In general, band gaps computed with common exchange-correlation functionals such as the LDA and GGA are severely underestimated. Typically the disagreement is reported to be ~50% in the literature. Some internal testing by the Materials Project supports these statements; typically, we find that band gaps are underestimated by ~40%. We additionally find that several known insulators are predicted to be metallic.

Space Group

Hermann Mauguin
Pnnm [58]
Hall
-P 2 2n
Point Group
mmm
Crystal System
orthorhombic

Electronic Structure

Topological data for ICSD ID 89470 from Topological Materials Database
Topological Classification
TI*
Subclassification
SEBR
* Topological insulator
Split Elementary Band Representations

Band Structure and Density of States

Warning! Semi-local DFT tends to severely underestimate bandgaps. Please see the wiki for more info.

X-Ray Diffraction

    Select radiation source:
  • Cu
  • Ag
  • Mo
  • Fe

Calculated powder diffraction pattern; note that peak spacings may be affected due to inaccuracies in calculated cell volume, which is typically overestimated on average by 3% (+/- 6%)

X-Ray Absorption Spectra

FEFF XANES

Select an element to display a spectrum averaged over all sites of that element in the structure.

Apply Gaussian smoothing:

0 eV
3 eV
FWHM: 0 eV

Download spectra for every symmetrically equivalent absorption site in the structure.

Download FEFF Input parameters.

Warning: These results are intended to be semi-quantitative in that corrections, such as edge shifts and Debye-Waller damping, have not been included.

Substrates

Reference for minimal coincident interface area (MCIA) and elastic energy:
substrate orientation:
substrate material substrate orientation film orientation elastic energy [meV] MCIA [Å2]
NdGaO3 (mp-3196) <0 0 1> <1 0 1> 0.001 122.8
MoS2 (mp-1434) <1 0 0> <0 1 1> 0.003 136.0
Al (mp-134) <1 0 0> <1 0 0> 0.025 81.6
C (mp-66) <1 0 0> <1 0 0> 0.027 102.1
KCl (mp-23193) <1 0 0> <1 0 0> 0.027 40.8
CsI (mp-614603) <1 1 0> <0 1 1> 0.040 174.9
KTaO3 (mp-3614) <1 0 0> <1 0 0> 0.043 81.6
Au (mp-81) <1 1 1> <0 1 1> 0.043 272.0
YAlO3 (mp-3792) <0 1 0> <0 0 1> 0.044 273.2
ZrO2 (mp-2858) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 0.050 204.9
NdGaO3 (mp-3196) <0 1 0> <1 0 1> 0.052 171.9
MgAl2O4 (mp-3536) <1 0 0> <1 0 0> 0.059 265.3
AlN (mp-661) <1 1 1> <1 0 1> 0.071 171.9
CaF2 (mp-2741) <1 1 0> <1 0 1> 0.073 171.9
Fe3O4 (mp-19306) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 0.073 218.6
NaCl (mp-22862) <1 0 0> <1 0 0> 0.075 163.3
LiF (mp-1138) <1 1 0> <0 1 1> 0.081 213.7
YVO4 (mp-19133) <1 1 0> <0 1 1> 0.081 194.3
KP(HO2)2 (mp-23959) <0 1 1> <0 1 1> 0.084 213.7
Ag (mp-124) <1 1 1> <0 1 1> 0.099 272.0
ZnSe (mp-1190) <1 0 0> <1 0 0> 0.103 163.3
MgO (mp-1265) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 0.107 54.6
Ni (mp-23) <1 1 0> <0 1 1> 0.109 155.4
LaAlO3 (mp-2920) <1 0 1> <1 1 1> 0.120 225.4
Al2O3 (mp-1143) <1 0 0> <1 1 1> 0.122 253.6
Fe2O3 (mp-24972) <1 1 0> <1 0 0> 0.144 122.5
KCl (mp-23193) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 0.146 286.9
MgO (mp-1265) <1 1 0> <0 1 1> 0.147 77.7
GaAs (mp-2534) <1 0 0> <1 0 0> 0.153 163.3
NdGaO3 (mp-3196) <0 1 1> <0 0 1> 0.162 259.6
BaF2 (mp-1029) <1 1 1> <1 0 0> 0.165 204.1
LiGaO2 (mp-5854) <1 0 1> <0 0 1> 0.175 177.6
TeO2 (mp-2125) <1 0 1> <1 0 0> 0.178 306.2
WS2 (mp-224) <1 0 1> <0 0 1> 0.179 136.6
C (mp-48) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 0.180 300.5
Te2Mo (mp-602) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 0.192 54.6
PbS (mp-21276) <1 0 0> <0 0 1> 0.193 109.3
YAlO3 (mp-3792) <1 0 1> <1 0 1> 0.196 49.1
Bi2Te3 (mp-34202) <0 0 1> <0 0 1> 0.198 68.3
LiAlO2 (mp-3427) <1 1 1> <1 1 0> 0.200 320.4
TeO2 (mp-2125) <1 1 1> <0 0 1> 0.203 204.9
LiTaO3 (mp-3666) <0 0 1> <1 1 1> 0.210 140.9
CaF2 (mp-2741) <1 0 0> <1 0 1> 0.215 122.8
DyScO3 (mp-31120) <0 1 0> <1 0 1> 0.223 171.9
WS2 (mp-224) <1 0 0> <1 0 0> 0.247 183.7
CdWO4 (mp-19387) <0 0 1> <0 1 1> 0.250 155.4
ZrO2 (mp-2858) <1 1 0> <1 1 1> 0.252 197.3
LaAlO3 (mp-2920) <0 0 1> <1 1 1> 0.254 225.4
Ge (mp-32) <1 0 0> <1 0 0> 0.261 163.3
Te2W (mp-22693) <0 0 1> <1 1 1> 0.261 112.7
Up to 50 entries displayed.
minimal coincident interface area.

Elasticity

A full elastic tensor has not been calculated for this material. Registered users can view statistical-learning-based predictions of this material's bulk and shear moduli.

Once you have registered you can also "vote" for full calculation of this material's elastic properties.

Similar Structures beta feature

Explanation of dissimilarity measure: Documentation.
material dissimilarity Ehull # of elements
TaRhO4 (mp-760402) 0.2087 0.016 3
LiVF4 (mp-766906) 0.2092 0.095 3
HfZrO4 (mp-754134) 0.2049 0.039 3
Cr(SbO3)2 (mp-769853) 0.2109 0.063 3
Cu(SbO3)2 (mp-554658) 0.1789 0.004 3
LiFe3(OF3)2 (mp-779990) 0.2349 0.005 4
LiV3(OF3)2 (mp-868491) 0.2403 0.000 4
LiFe2OF5 (mp-779300) 0.2894 0.244 4
LiCo3(OF3)2 (mp-850982) 0.2497 0.022 4
Ta2CrNO5 (mp-849504) 0.2783 0.065 4
GeO2 (mp-1072104) 0.1301 0.006 2
CrO2 (mp-715488) 0.1322 0.001 2
MgF2 (mp-1072956) 0.1317 0.002 2
VO2 (mp-796076) 0.0211 0.163 2
CrO2 (mp-870292) 0.0794 0.001 2
Up to 5 similar elemental, binary, ternary, quaternary, etc. structures displayed (dissimilarity threshold 0.75). Ehull: energy above hull per atom [eV].

Synthesis Descriptions

The water content in the reaction solution of water/methanol mixture is essential in the formation of VO2 hollow spheres. An FESEM image of the products with different water contents (water+methanol t [...]
Vanadium dioxide films were deposited by a pulsed laser deposition system using a KrF Excimer laser of 248nm (=25ns). The energy density and repetition rate were kept at 34Jcm2 and 10Hz, res [...]
chef hat mixing beaker

Explore more synthesis descriptions for materials of composition VO2.

Text computed by synthesisproject.org.

Calculation Summary

Structure Optimization

Run Type
GGA+U
Energy Cutoff
520 eV
# of K-points
None
U Values
V: 3.25 eV
Pseudopotentials
VASP PAW: V_pv O
Final Energy/Atom
-7.6193 eV
Corrected Energy
-51.8635 eV
Uncorrected energy = -45.7155 eV Composition-based energy adjustment (-0.687 eV/atom x 4.0 atoms) = -2.7480 eV Composition-based energy adjustment (-1.700 eV/atom x 2.0 atoms) = -3.4000 eV Corrected energy = -51.8635 eV

Detailed input parameters and outputs for all calculations


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ICSD IDs
  • 89470
  • 89471
  • 38054
Submitted by
User remarks:
  • Vanadium(IV) oxide - M2

Displaying lattice parameters for primitive cell; note that calculated cell volumes are typically overestimated on average by 3% (+/- 6%). Note the primitive cell may appear less symmetric than the conventional cell representation (see "Structure Type" selector below the 3d structure)